How many national symbols are there in India?
The national symbols of India represent the identity elements and distinctive feature of the country. These symbols have been chosen with great care and depict the culture and nature of India. Primarily, there are 10 incredible national symbols in India. And in general view, the number of these symbols can increase.
The national flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (saffron) at the top, white in the middle and dark green in equal proportion. The ratio of flag width to length is two to three. In the center of the white band is a navy-blue wheel that represents the wheel.
The top saffron color indicates the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth along the Dharma Chakra. Green color indicates fertility, growth and well-being of the land.
Its design is of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter is equal to the width of the white band and has 24 spokes. The design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947.
The national anthem of India, Jan Gana-Mana, originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted by the Constituent Assembly in its Hindi version as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950, it was first performed in Kolkata on 27 December 1911 Was sung
The full song has five verses. The first verse has the full version of the national anthem. The full version of the national anthem is about 52 seconds long.
The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, was a source of inspiration for people in their struggle for freedom. It has equal status with Jan-Gan-Mana. On January 24, 1950, President Dr. Rajendra Prasad made a statement in the Constituent Assembly, “Geet Vande Mataram, which has played a historic role in the struggle for Indian independence, will be equally honored with the Jana Gana Mana and will have equal status with it.
The state emblem is an adaptation from the capital of Sarnath Lion of Ashoka. The original consists of four lions, standing behind, mounted on an abacus, mounted on a mural carrying statues in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, an ox and a lion bell-shaped lotus. But broke apart while intervening. Made of a single section of polished sandstone, crowned by the Capital of Law (Dharma Chakra).
The Indian peacock, Pavo cristatus, the national bird of India, is a colorful, swan-shaped bird with a fan-shaped crest, white patches under the eye and a long, thin neck. The male of the species is more colorful than the female, with a bright blue breast and neck and a brilliant bronze-green tail of about 200 long wings. The female is brown, slightly smaller than the male and lacks a tail. The elaborate courtship dance of the male, fanning the tail and looking at its wings is a grand scene.
The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The combination of grace, vigor, agility and wanton strength has placed the tiger as the national animal of India.
Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Garton) is the national flower of India. It is a sacred flower and holds a unique place in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since ancient times.
India is rich in flora. Currently available data places India at the tenth position in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. About 70,000 species of plants have been described by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI), from about 70 percent of the geographical area covered so far.
The Indian banyan tree, Ficus bengalensis, whose branches root themselves out like new trees over a large area. The roots then give rise to more trunks and branches. Due to this feature and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India. Even today, the banyan tree is the focal point of village life and the gram sabha is found in the shade of this tree.
National Currency Symbol
The Indian rupee symbol enhances India’s international identity for money transactions and economic strength. The Indian rupee sign is a metaphor for Indian ethos. The emblem is an amalgamation of the Devanagari “Ra” and the Roman Capitol “R”, with two parallel horizontal strips running on top representing the national flag and also “equal to the sign”. The Indian Rupee symbol was adopted by the Government of India on July 15, 2010.
Source : knowindia.gov.in