PMGSY (Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna)
Rural road connectivity is not only a major component of rural development by promoting access to economic and social services and thereby increase agricultural income and productive employment opportunities in India, it is also a result as a result of sustainable poverty. There is a major component in ensuring reduction. Despite various programs, in spite of efforts made over the years at the state and central level, about 40% of the housing in the country is not yet connected with all-weather roads. It is well known that wherever the connectivity is provided, the roads built there are such quality (due to poor construction or maintenance) that they can not always be categorized as all-weather roads.
With the view to redressing the situation, the Government has started the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana on December 25, 2000 to provide all weather access to unrelated habitations. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is 100% centrally sponsored scheme. 50% of the cess on High Speed Diesel (HSD) has been kept for this program.
The Government has brought forth the target date of three years from 2022 to 2019 to get full rural connectivity through all weather roads under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY). This quick implementation will be achieved by providing revised financial allocation in the plan and through the revised funding pattern.
PMGSY envisages consolidation of existing rural road network to improve its overall efficiency as a provider of transport services for people, goods and services. Its purpose is to cover the upgradation of existing selected rural roads on the basis of their economic potential and their role in facilitating the development of rural market centers and rural areas.
PMGSY Phase III 2019
In order to speed up rural road connectivity, the Central Government has approved the Prime Minister Gram Sadak Yojana Stage 3 (PMGSY III). The length of approximately 1.25 lakh kilometers is to be consolidated with an estimated cost of Rs. 80,250 crore for an estimated 5 year period, which is from 2020 to 2024. Approximately 97% of qualified and viable housing are already connected to the All-Weather Road.
This involves linking the major rural links connecting major rural markets (village), higher secondary schools and hospitals through ‘Through Routes’. This scheme is essential for the overall socio-economic development of different districts across the country.
PMGSY Phase III Financial Implications
PMGSY Phase 3 is going to be implemented with the estimated cost of Rs 80,250 crore. It includes a central share of Rs 53,800 crore and a state share of Rs 26,450 crore. With a few exceptions, the funds for all states will be shared in 60:40 ratio b / w centers and states. This exception is for 8 North Eastern and 3 Himalayan states (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand) for which it is 90:10
So far, under the Pradhanmantri Gram Sadak Yojna, a total length of 5,99,090 km has been constructed. This includes roads constructed under PMGSY-I, PMGSY-II and RCPLWEA scheme. PMGSY-III scheme was announced by FM in budget 2018-19. The CCEA has approved the continuation of PMGSY-I & II beyond the 12th Five Year Plan. It covers covering eligible eligible settlements under PMGSY-I till March 2019 and PMGSY-II by March 2020.
Source : PIB & Ministry of Rural Development