Rashtriya krishi vikas yojana
Concerned about the slow growth in agriculture and allied sectors, the National Development Council (NDC) resolved in its meeting held on May 29, 2007 that a special additional central assistance scheme (RKVY) should be started. NDC resolved that agricultural development strategies should be re-prepared to meet the needs of the farmers and the central and state governments should be called to develop a strategy to rejuvenate agriculture. NDC reaffirmed its commitment to achieve 4% annual increase in agricultural sector during the 11th Plan.
In consultation with the above resolution and in consultation with the Planning Commission, the Agriculture Department has prepared guidelines for RKVY scheme, which is known as the National Agricultural Development Program (RKVY).
Purpose of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
- For encouraging states to increase their investment in agriculture and allied sectors
- Provide flexibility and autonomy to states in planning and implementation of programs for agriculture
- To ensure the preparation of agricultural schemes for the districts and states
- To achieve the goal of reducing yield interval in important crops
- To give maximum returns to farmers
- Integrating Agribusiness and Allied Sectors
Features of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
- A state’s eligibility for RKVY is contingent to maintain or increase the State Plan expenditure for agriculture and allied sectors.
- Baseline expenditure is determined by the State Government on the basis of the average expenditure made during the last three years.
- Preparation of district and state agricultural schemes is mandatory
- This plan encourages convergence with other programs like NREGS.
- Pattern of funding is 100% central government grants.
- If the state reduces its investment in subsequent years, and RKVY exits from the basket, then the remaining resources will have to be committed by the states to complete the already commissioned projects.
- This is an incentive plan, so the allocation is not automated
- It will integrate agriculture and allied sectors widely.
- It will give states high level of flexibility
- Fixed timeline projects are highly encouraged
Allied area under plan
- Crop husband (including horticulture)
- Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries
- Agricultural research and education
- Agricultural marketing
- Food storage and storage
- Soil and Water Conservation
- Agricultural financial institution
- Other agricultural programs and cooperation