There has been a steady increase in the population of senior citizens in India. The number of elderly has increased from 1.98 crore in 1951 to 7.6 crore in 2001 and 10.38 crore in 2011. Estimates indicate that the number of 60+ in India will rise to 14.3 crore in 2021 and 17.3 crore in 2026. In life expectancy it means that more people are now living longer. The general improvement in health care facilities over the years is one of the main reasons for the continuous increase in the proportion of the population of senior citizens. Ensuring that they not only live long, but lead a safe, dignified and productive life is a major challenge.
The traditional norms and values of Indian society emphasized showing respect and caring for the aged. However, in recent times, the society is witnessing a gradual but definite decline of the joint family system, resulting in a large number of parents being exposed by their families to them for lack of emotional, physical and financial support. These elders are facing a lot of problems due to lack of adequate social security. This clearly reveals that aging has become a major social challenge and the need to provide for the economic and health needs of the elderly and to create a social milestone, which is conducive and sensitive to the emotional needs of the elderly.
The main objective of the scheme is to improve the quality of life of senior citizens, such as by providing basic facilities for shelter, food, medical care and recreation opportunities, and by providing support for capacity building of government / non-governmental organizations. Encouraging aging. NGOs) / Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) / local bodies and the community at large. Cost criteria are revised and already notified from April 1, 2015. Four new plan schemes to be implemented during the Twelfth Plan have been merged with the respective components / programs of the scheme. These merger plans are:
1. To create awareness for maintenance and welfare of parents
And amendment to the Senior Citizens Act, 2007
2. Establishment of helpline for senior citizens at national level.
3. Establishment of helpline for senior citizens at district level
4. Plan for implementation of new national policy for senior citizens
Cooperation to support the project
Up to 90% of the cost of the Bali projects to be implemented under the scheme will be provided by the Government of India and the remaining will be borne by the concerned organization / institution.
Central Sector Scheme for improving the living standards of senior citizens (revised on 01.04.2018)Complete PDF : Click Here
Source : Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment