The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation aims to provide safe water to every rural person on adequate basis for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs. This basic requirement should meet minimum water quality standards and should be easily and easily accessible at all times and in all situations. The Ministry has started a pilot project named after “Swajal”, which has been designed as a demand driven and community-focused program for providing sustainable facilities to drinking water in rural areas.
Community-led drinking water projects are called ‘led swajal’, which aims at providing sustainable and adequate drinking water to the rural masses on a pilot basis in an integrated manner. It is envisaged that the State Government in partnership with rural communities; Planning, designing, building, operating and maintaining their water supply and sanitation plans; So that they get potable water and get health and hygiene benefits; The State Government and its Regional Institutions will act as the pro, facilitator and co-financier and will provide technical assistance, training and fulfillment for large construction works and regional contingencies as per requirement.
Swajal Scheme coverage
In the first phase, it is proposed to select pilot project in six states, i.e., Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar under NRDWP. It will be implemented through convergence of other programs like MGNREGS, PMKSY, RRR etc. States have to be identified by states to prepare the project in fast track mode.
Swajal Scheme procedure
The success of performance on the basis of demand based on the demand for improved rural water supply and sanitation sector has greatly contributed to the replication of such models in other states, thereby creating a center for mainstreaming the Swajal principles across the country. The government level program has been created. Based on demand-driven and community-centered principles, lessons learned from earlier models include, but are not limited to:
- The partnership has successfully worked as a cooperative and co-financing between village communities, non-governmental organizations and the government.
- If transparency is followed in every stage and monitored by the stakeholders, then the probability of misuse of misuse and misuse of funds decreases.
- Empowerment of PRIs is a viable and sustainable option to increase the decentralized service delivery model.
- To change the demand-based model from the supply-based model, the acceptance of the new model requires the installation and investment of a new brain at different levels.
- Good management and appropriate techniques should be kept in the community management model.
- Some forms of external support for communities are necessary to ensure long-term sustainability
Source : mdws.gov.in