The IP (Internet Protoco) Internet Protocol address (or IP address) is a unique address of every device (eg, computer, server, printer, smartphone) connected to the network to send data to a particular device on the network and for communication Use Internet Protocol.
Internet Protocol (IP) This is a method or protocol through which data is sent from one device to another on the Internet.
Every device connected to the network should have a unique IP address. Without the unique address of your device, you can not communicate with other devices, users, and computers on the network or the Internet. IP addresses are made of binary values and routing all the data over the network or the Internet.
Internet Protoco Address Standards
There are 2 standard IP addresses used on any network:
1. IP version 4 (IPv4):
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) This is the fourth version of Internet Protocol (IP), which is used to identify network devices. IPv4 addresses are 32 bits tall and support 4,145,967,296 addresses (though many of them are reserved for specific purposes, such as 10.0.0.0 and 220.127.116.11).
18.104.22.168 This is a common example of an IPv4 address. The most easily identifiable IP ranges are 22.214.171.124 – 126.96.36.199, because these addresses we use at home or office.
2. IP version 6 (IPv6):
A new version of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) was developed due to the worsening IPv4 addressing potential future due to the popular Internet growth. This is new and unchanged version of IPv4. It is also known as IPng.
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is 128 bits long. Therefore, it supports 2 ^ 128 internet addresses, which are equivalent to 335.242.346.920.925.000.000.000.000.000.000.000 addresses. These are many addresses and they are much more than enough to continue internet operations for a very long time.
Public IP Address and Private IP Address:
1. Private IP Addresses:
When many computers or devices connect either to the cable or to the wireless, they create a private network. Within this network, a unique IP address is assigned to share files and resets to each device. The IP address of all the devices in this network is called private address.
2. Public IP Addresses:
The public IP address is the ISP (Internet Service Provider). This gives your home network an identity in the outside world. This IP address is unique throughout the Internet.
Public IP address can be static or dynamic. Static public IP address does not change and it is mainly used for accessing a service (such as an IP camera, FTP server, email server or remote access to the computer) or web hosting on the Internet. It has to be purchased by ISP.
On the other hand, Dynamic IP address takes the available IP address and changes every time it is connected to the internet. The maximum Internet user has a dynamic IP address for his computer, which is disconnected when disconnected from the Internet and gets a new IP address when reconnected.